General Introduction of Ba Dinh Square
It is the Ba Dinh Square where the president of Ho Chi Minh read the Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on February 9 1945, establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the first People’s Democratic state in the Southeast Asia.
Ba Dinh Square is located at the ancient citadel of Hanoi to the west. Until the early 20th century, this area was a desert land having newly leveled lakes and ponds. The French built a flower garden named Rond Point Puginier, also known as Round Square or Puginier garden (Puginier is the name of a clergy).
Surrounding Puginier flower garden are a number of offices and mansions. One of the first buildings was House of the French Governor-General of Indochina (1902), which is the Presidential Palace now. Later, the French constructed some other important works consist of the Albert Sarraut school (1919), which is the Party Central Committee Office now and the Department of Finance (1925), which is now the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Office.
Events related to Ba Dinh Square
After the success of August Revolution, at the Ba Dinh Square, president Ho Chi Minh read the Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. That event and the name of Ba Dinh Square as well have been known to the whole world. However, in reality, this place had the name of Ba Dinh Square before 1945. Ba Dinh garden was named by doctor Tran Van Lai, Hanoi’s mayor under Tran Trong Kim government.
From July 20 to August 19 1945 when Communist Party of Vietnam became the ruling political party, mayor Tran Van Lai renamed a number of sites and streets of Hanoi. The name of Ba Dinh is aimed at commemorating the fighting against the French colonial of the soldiers in Ba Dinh, Nga Son district, Thanh Hoa (between 1886 and 1887). In reality, many sites were considered the choices for holding this event; but eventually, Ba Dinh garden was officially selected and became Ba Dinh Square.
After that, Ba Dinh Square was called Independence Square. From 1947 to 1954 when French colonials occupied Hanoi, the Governor of the French authorities renamed Ba Dinh Hong Bang flower garden. In 1954, Vietnamese army took over the capital and recovered the name of Ba Dinh Square while House of the French Governor-General was turned into the Presidential Palace.
After a series of events, quite a few people show different ideas of the name Ba Dinh Square. Many of them expect to take the name of Independence Square or February 9 Square so that it will be attached to the event. Nevertheless, President Ho Chi Minh still retained the original name.
Since 1954, besides old colonial architectures, several constructions have been built around the area of Ba Dinh Square such as Ba Dinh Hall (completed in 1963), Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum (completed in 1975) and Ho Chi Minh Museum (completed in 1990). In addition to great constructions, the architectural complex in Ba Dinh Square owns a number of small but meaningful works including One Pillar pagoda and Ho Chi Minh House.
Until now, the Ba Dinh Square is still the center of politics and culture where a variety of important events of the country have been held. This is also the place owning the most beautiful landscape and architectural complex in Hanoi.