Hanoi, Vietnam attracts both local and foreign tourists by traditional cultures of the thousand-year land. Tourists get the opportunity to not only explore historical and cultural monuments but also shop in Hang Gai street and enjoy typical cuisine of Hanoi.
Dong Xuan Market, Hanoi Old Quarter
Dong Xuan Market, Hanoi Old Quarter is not only the largest trading center in Hanoi but also a fascinating tourist attraction.
The market was built by the French since mid-1889. The history of the market is associated with the establishment and development of the Thang Long ancient land.
Initially, the market covered an area of about 6,500 square meters including 5 rows of houses covered with metal roofing. The market facade was designed according to the French architecture with five parts in the triangular shape having holes like a honeycomb. In the beginning, Dong Xuan market only held one or two meetings every day. Later, due to the need for economic and commercial development, market meetings opened from morning till night. With the advantage of waterway and road system, people from the Northern Delta provinces flocked to the market and carried all the sorts of goods (from agricultural commodities, food, fruits, vegetables to clothing, machinery). As a result, the market became the business center in the north at that time. Since the French built the Long Bien bridge, the Dong Xuan market also attracted foreign traders from France, Spain and India.
In 1995, Dong Xuan market was reconstructed on a total area of nearly 14.000 square meters with 3 floors and 2,000 goods departments. Since 2003, to diversify business activities aimed at meeting the demand for shopping of locals and tourists; Dong Xuan market has started the cooperation with Hang Dao, Hang Ngang and Hang Duong. After that, this area becomes a night market that has attracted a large number of local people and tourists at weekends.
Huyen Thien pagoda, Hanoi Old Quarter
Huyen Thien pagoda, Hanoi Old Quarter lies at No.54 Hang Khoai street, is opposite the Dong Xuan market and one of the four important constructions of the ancient Thang Long imperial capital including Tran Vu Quan (Quan Thanh temple), Huyen Thien Quan (Huyen Thien pagoda), Dong Thien Quan ( Kim Co pagoda) and De Thich Quan (Vua pagoda).
Huyen Thien pagoda was constructed on a peninsula surrounded by Tay Ngai lake in the Ly dynasty. After many times of restoration, the pagoda carries lots of features of the architectural style of Le and Nguyen dynasty. Particularly, the pagoda owns the following main parts involving three gates (Tam Quan), front hall (Tien Duong), burn incense (Thieu Huong), Upper Shrine (Thuong Dien), building at the back (Hau Duong), bell-tower and two rows of outbuildings. The pagoda owns the diverse system of statues; large epitaph written in Chinese characters, Ancient Vietnamese script and Vietnamese script; especially the bronze bell of 500 kilograms and 1.6 meters, which was created in 1793 under the Tay Son Dynasty.
St. Joseph’s Cathedral, Hanoi Old Quarter
St. Joseph’s Cathedral, Hanoi Old Quarter is the Cathedral of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hanoi and also one of the first Western architecture in Hanoi. The inauguration ceremony was held on Christmas in 1887.
St. Joseph’s Cathedral was designed and constructed by the bishop named Puginier. The church was designed in the Gothique style in medieval Europe, in the form of Notre Dame de Paris with wide curved arched roof pointing at the sky. The main construction material of the church is brick. The church is 64.5 meters long, 20,5 meters and has a Christian cross on the top. Besides, there are two church bells with the height of 31.5 meters with heavy stone pillars.
All the doors and windows of the church were made based on the Gothique art. In harmony with windows are Saint pictures by colored glass. The basilica is decorated in the Vietnamese folk art and carved with various unique patterns. In the central area, there are two terracotta Jesus statues with the height of 2 meters.