There are a great number of world heritage sites in Vietnam such as Halong Bay, Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park, Thang Long Imperial Citadel, Ho Lake Citadel, Hue Citadel, Hoi An Ancient Town and My Son. They are all the destinations that attract many domestic and international visitors each year.
Located in the Northeast of Vietnam, Halong Bay has a total area of 1553 square kilometers with 1969 large and small islands, of which there are 989 named islands and 980 unnamed islands. The internationally recognized heritage area covers an area of 434 square kilometers, has 775 islands and looks like a triangular with three tops of Dau Go Island (in the west), Ba Ham Lake (in the south) and Cong Tay (in the east).
Halong Bay with the presence of thousands of islands with different shapes and marvelous caves creates a vivid and mysterious complex. Besides, Halong Bay is a rich area of biodiversity with typical ecosystems and thousands of plant and animal species. Just with a full day in Halong, visitors will be attracted by the idyllic beauty and intangible cultural values coming from the daily life of the fishermen in the fishing villages.
Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park
Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park is located in Quang Ninh, Bo Trach, Tuy Hoa and Minh Hoa districts, Quang Binh province with an area of 200,000 hectares. Critical tectonic stages and faults of the earth’s crust that occurred 400 million years ago formed spectacular ranges of mountains and subsided sedimentary basins. Besides, Phong Nha – Ke Bang is gifted a beautiful system of caves in the heart of limestone mountains. Here, in April 2009, the expedition of the British Caving Association discovered Son Doong cave and announced that it was the largest cave in the world with a height of 200 meters, a width of 150 meters and a length of at least 8.5 kilometers. Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park also possesses a rich system of flora and fauna, many of which are listed in the Vietnam’s Red Data Book and IUCN Red List.
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long covers a total area of 18,395 hectares and consists of the 18 Hoang Dieu archaeological site and remaining vestiges such as Hanoi Flagpole, Doan Mon Gate, Kinh Thien Palace, D67 House, Hau Lau, Bac Mon, surrounding walls and eight entrance gates of the Nguyen Dynasty.
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is a relic complex associated with the history of Thang Long Citadel. This is a grandiose architectural work that was built by different kings throughout many historical periods. Until now, it is considered to be the most important relic in the system of Vietnamese monuments. Here, archaeologists have unearthed a large number of pottery and porcelain products that were used as daily utensils in the palace over many periods. In addition, Chinese bronze currency and ceramics of China, Japan and West Asia are found here, which shows the evidence that Imperial Citadel of Thang Long was the center of cultural exchange between countries in the region.
Hope that this article provides you with some basic information about famous sites in Vietnam. Please visit the website to continue to discover 6 world heritage sites in Vietnam (part 2).