Dong Xuan market, Hanoi

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Dong Xuan market, Hanoi
Dong Xuan market, Hanoi

Establishment of Dong Xuan market

Đồng Xuân market is located in Hanoi Old Quarter. Particularly, to the west of the market is Dong Xuan street; the north is Hang Khoai street, the south is Cau Dong street and the east is Dong Xuan market alley.

Dong Xuan market
Dong Xuan market

This market came into existence first and has had the close connection with the establishment and commercial development of Imperial Citadel of Thăng Long. Not only is the Dong Xuan market the destination for trade intercourse but also it contains cultural and spiritual values reflecting the daily life of the Hanoi’s people in the past.

Development of Dong Xuan market

Nowadays, Dong Xuan market still maintains and promotes commercial, tourism and cultural value. The market is the standard of commercial culture and complies with democratic regulations.

Previously, local people gather together along the river bank, on the boat or the wharf for goods exchange. The main means used for almost all the business activities is waterways. From time to time, Tô Lịch river is raised the level by silt, forming an alluvial ground. The market was built when the French colonial gathered local people to this area.

Dong Xuan market
Dong Xuan market

Dong Xuan market was established in 1889 after by the French colonial fill in the To Lich river and Red River.

In early time, many people consider Dong Xuan market to be the stomach of Hanoi because every kind of products from various regions can be found here.

When the Long Bien bridge was constructed, trade activities increasingly developed due to owning the favourable geographical position in terms of roads, waterways and railways. From year to year, the brand name of Dong Xuan market has been strongly promoted and attracts a considerable number of tourists not only in Hanoi but also from other regions.

Dong Xuan market
Dong Xuan market

When the war burned out, Dong Xuan market is listed in the interzone 1 and turned into one of the fiercest battlefields. From late 1946 to early 1947, quite a few people in this area died because of the war.

In 2005, on the 995-year anniversary of Thang Long – Hanoi, the authorities of the city planned to make an embossed picture located next to Dong Xuan market to remember the contribution of those who died in the fighting defending the country against foreign enemies.  

Over many decades, Dong Xuan market is not only the biggest place of business in Hanoi but also the keeper of traditional historical and cultural values. In reality, since the day of establishment, Dong Xuan has been the biggest wholesale market in the North.

Dong Xuan night market came into being in 2003 with a wide range of activities aimed at satisfying the demand for shopping and amusement of tourists. Besides, there are some activities related to folk culture such as Xẩm singing, Chèo singing and Quan họ Bac Ninh, which is highly appreciated by Vietnam Music Development Centre because of its contribution to traditional cultural recovery.